ANCIENT MYSTERIES - The ancient Greek Titan Prometheus is known for stealing fire from the Gods. With this act he challenged or threatened the power of the established Gods and he was most cruelly punished for doing so. Prometheus was nailed to the Caucasus Mountains. An eagle or vulture came by every day to eat his liver. This ordeal ever ended, because his liver grew back every night.
The oldest written version of the Greek legend of Prometheus dates from the eighth century BC, but the actual story must be much older. In fact, parallel stories of some bold man or creature stealing fire from the ruling powers are found in many ancient cultures. Often this is followed by some form of punishment for either the perpetrator or for mankind.
Surely, ancient peoples realized that fire was a powerful and mysterious element, to be used for good or evil. Man still cannot always be trusted to put it to good use. But is that what the ancient Gods were so afraid of? Apparently, if ordinary humans - in most cultures considered to be made from clay - got their hands on this ‘fire’, they could threaten the power of the Gods on earth! Could it be that fire was a symbol for some other power or technology, something so sophisticated that it could only or should only be used by wise and powerful Gods?
This ‘fire’ must have been something more crucial to the Gods’ power on Earth. Suppose they had some sort of advanced technology, for example a light or energy source with which they powered machines, possibly spaceships? There may be some evidence in mythology and archaeology that could be interpreted in this way.
In the fifth century BC, the ancient Greeks combined the myth of Prometheus with that of Io, the unfortunate priestess who became an object of lust for Zeus and was turned into a cow by him to hide her from his jealous wife, the goddess Hera. Poor Io travelled far to find a solution for her problem. She reached the Caucasus Mountains, where she found Prometheus. She asked him for advice, and he told her that often are long and difficult journey she would find the solution in Egypt.
Now why was the combination of these two myths a logical one for the ancients Greeks? If we come back to the idea that the dangerous ‘fire’ was actually some powerful energy source that could work magic in the eyes of humans, we might consider the reliefs at the Hathor temple in Dendera, Egypt. This well-preserved temple has reliefs showing what could be interpreted as lightbulbs or energy sources. If this interpretation is correct, it means that there was knowledge of electricity or a similar technology associated with Hathor. And that knowledge would certainly have given great power to those who possessed it.
Hathor is commonly depicted as a cow goddess with head horns in which is set a sun disk.
Is this similarity with Io a coincidence? Is Io Hathor? Io is also associated with another Egyptian godess, Isis. In ancient Egyptian art, Isis was originally pictured as a woman wearing a long dress and crowned with the hieroglyphic sign for a throne, or sometimes as holding a lotus.
In later times, Isis assimilated many of the roles of Hathor, and starts to wear her headdress. Sometimes she also was represented as a cow, or a cow's head. Usually, however, she was depicted with her young child, Horus (the pharaoh), with a crown, and a vulture. Most often Isis is seen holding only the generic ankh sign and a simple staff, but in late images she is seen sometimes with items usually associated only with Hathor, the sacred rattle and the fertility-bearing necklace. Isis was considered the goddess of rebirth and reincarnation, and as a protector of the dead.
Did Io just take advice from Prometheus, or something more? Maybe she was given this secret energy source or technology? With it, she could have made an existing god’s worst fears come true and establish herself as a powerful ruler in Egypt..