MYSTERIOUS PLACES - Who built Puma Punku? Puma Punku is a complex of ruins, part of a large temple group that is part of the Tiwanaku site near Tiwanaku, Bolivia ca 4000 m above sea level. Puma Punku is now understood to be at least 12,000 - 17,000 years old, essentially, right out of the Stone Age.
Puma Punku is a terraced earthen mound that is faced with megalithic blocks. It is 167.36 m wide along its north-south axis and 116.7 m long along its east-west axis.
Many of the blocks weighed 200 tons, with one even weighing in at 450 tons! How were these blocks brought to a plateau 13,000 feet high? One of the construction blocks from which the pier was fashioned weighs an estimated 440 tons (equal to nearly 600 full-size cars) and several other blocks laying about are between 100 and 150 tons. The quarry for these giant blocks was on the western shore of Titicaca, some ten miles away. There is no known technology in all the ancient world that could have transported stones of such massive weight and size. The method by which they were transported to Pumapunku is unknown.
These and other red sandstone blocks were transported up a steep incline from a quarry near Lake Titicaca roughly 10 km away. Smaller andesite blocks that were used for stone facing and carvings came from quarries within the Copacabana Peninsula about 90 km away from and across Lake Titicaca from the Pumapunka and the rest of the Tiwanaku Site. (See Another similar in nature megalithic structure is Aramu Muru near the Lake Titicaca).
Tiahuanaco may be (along with Teotihuacan in Mexico, Baalbek in Lebanon, the Great Pyramid in Egypt and the Osirion Temple in Abydos) a surviving fragment of a long lost civilization. Who were the people of this lost civilization who built Puma Punku, without any writing system as far as we know? The ancient builders left no written records.