ANCIENT SUMERIA - The Great is one of the best preserved, most impressive and mysterious creations of the Sumerian culture. It is a massive rectangular, pyramid-like building measuring 210 by 150 feet or 64 by 46 metres.
Originally the structure was up to 100 feet or 30 metres high, roughly the height of a ten storey building. It is built out of large bricks and has advanced features such as a drainage system. Archeologists think the ziggurat of Ur was built – or finished - around 2100 BC.
On top of the ziggurat once stood a temple, built of beautiful blue glazed bricks. It was the temple of Nanna, an important god of the Sumerian pantheon, who according to Sumerian legend resided in Ur.
But why did the ancient Sumerians construct the ziggurat of Ur? Why did they make such a huge effort? What was the ziggurat of Ur, what happened there? Perhaps we can get some clues by looking at its god, Nanna.
Sumerian theology and mythology states that Nanna was the moon-god. Just like the moon, with its ever-renewing cycles, Nanna possessed the great power of regeneration. He was therefore a very powerful god, even called ‘lord of wisdom’ and ‘creator of all things’. Specifically, Nanna was a fertility god. He could transfer the power of the moon to all living things on Earth, thus making crops and animals grow and creating new generations of man.
Now unless we say that this was all just ancient myth and superstition, there are basically two theories to apply about what happened at the ziggurat of Ur. The first one is that there was actually a person or being called ‘Nanna’ in Sumerian times. He displayed supernatural qualities, could fly and cure people for example. If this is true, then Nanna must have been an alien being, likely possessing advanced technology for space travel. The ziggurat of Ur could literally have been a docking station for spacecraft. The blue glazed bricks found at the site could have served some technological function rather than just a decorative one.
The second theory is that there was ‘just’ a temple on the ziggurat, with human priests worshipping the memory of Nanna. Nanna could then be the mythical designation of something the ancestors of the Sumerians have witnessed. In this case we could speculate that the base of the ziggurat of Ur is much older than we now think. It could have been one of the places on Earth where life was created, where some ancient aliens operated to create human life or human intelligence as we know it today.
Unfortunately, it is unlikely that more research will be done at the site any time soon. The Great Ziggurat of Ur will remain a mystery for many years to come.